The Soo Bahk Do

The Soo Bahk Do | What is Soo Bahk Do | Soo Bahk Do Description | Origins of Soo Bahk Do | Moo Duk Kwan | Soo Bahk Do Art and Style | Soo Bahk Do Philosophy | Belt and Uniform Requirements | General Terminology | Moo Duk Kwan Flag

Soo Bahk Do is the name of the art taught by Hwang Kee, his legitimate successor Hwang Hyun Chul, and instructors who are certified by member organizations of the World Moo Duk Kwan, Inc.

In Korea the indigenous arts of self defense (Soo Bahk Ki and Tae Kyun) we combined with other fighting principles (Northern and Southern Chinese Kung Fu) and moral guidelines such as the philosophy of Do (Tao), No Ja (Lao Tzu) and Kong Ja (Confucius) by Founder Grandmaster Hwang Kee, into what is now known as Soo Bahk Do (Tang Soo Do) Moo Duk Kwan . This combination of techniques and philosophy resulted in the development of a form of self defense and mental conditioning unrivaled in the modern world.

Grandmaster Hwang Kee created the Moo Duk Kwan on November 9 1945. Grand Master Hwang Kee was first inspired to study the Martial arts in 1921 when he was about seven years old. At a traditional Festival called “Dan O” he was visiting a nearby village, where they had archery, wrestling and many other festivities. As Grand Master was enjoying the festival, a group of seven or eight men had a dispute with another man.

Suddenly the group of men attacked the lone man, who began evading and counter attacking with his feet, eventually defeating the group of men.

This ability to defend oneself against several attackers so impressed Grand Master Hwang Kee that at that moment he knew he wanted to learn the martial arts.

For several years Grand Master Hwang Kee studied and researched every available source, and at the age of 22 he was recognized as a Master among other martial artists. In May of 1935 Grand Master Hwang Kee began working for the Korean railroad company which allowed him to travel.

In May of 1936 he met a Chinese Kung Fu master named Yang, Kuk Jin. Grand Master trained with Master Yang until 1946, at that time China became a communist country.

The training consisted of Seh Bop (postures), Bo Bop (steps), Ryun Bop (conditioning) and Hyung (Forms) with their applications. November 9th 1945 Grandmaster Hwang Kee founded the Moo Duk Kwan. The basic ideal of the Moo Duk Kwan is the development of its participants. Strong individuals in Spirit and Body make strong communities, strong communities make strong nations, Strong and peaceful nations make a strong and peaceful world.

According to the Moo Yei Do Bo Tong Ji, the name “BAHK” originated from the age of Chun-Chi (2700 years ago) and the name “SOO BAHK” originated during the Jon Han Dynasty in China (2200 years ago). This is the oldest historical documents available at present of any martial arts in Korea. Most of the original description relating to this fact in the MOO YEI DO BO TONG JI was followed from the original way recorded .

According to the book “Joa Jun”, Mun Gong from the Jin Dynasty had dreamed he used “BAHK” to fight King Song from the Tchi Dynasty (“Bahk” is “kwon Bahk”). Han Seo, the 10th King “Yae Je” of the Han Dynasty, Soo Bahk was used during the examination of military officers.”

Numerous description of the name “SOO BAHK” was recorded in the historical documentation and wall painting of tombs since the Han Dynasty (2000 years ago) and through the Koku Ryo Dynasty down to the Yi Dynasty (600 Years Ago).

The name “SOO BAHK” was first used about 2200-2700 years ago in the age of Chun Chu in China. However, “SOO BAHK KI” seemed to have been more actively known and practiced in the Koku Ryo Dynasty (2000 years ago), Ko Ryo Dynasty (1000 years ago) of Korea. It is hard to conclude where Soo Bahk Do originated considering the limited historical information currently available. As an example, there were historical information to support the fact that at one time, Manchuria, San Dong Song, and Hwang Hae Ahn of China were Korean territories.

This was during the Eun Dynasty, which was even before the age of Chun Chu. Because of this interrelationship, these areas of China have customs similar to Korea even up to this time. The Soo Bahk influence may have spread from Korea to China during that time.

Although available research and historical documentation have not clarified the specific organization of Soo Bahk, it is a truly Korean traditional art. Soo Bahk is the only bare hand and foot martial technique that was handed down from the Koku Ryo Dynasty (2000 years ago).

During the 36 years period (1910-1945), all dimensions of Korean traditional culture expression were prohibited during the Japanese occupation. No one knew about the existence of Soo Bahk for nearly a half century . Korea finally became an independent country when the World War II ended on August 15, 1945.

Kwan Jang Hwang discovered Soo Bahk in Moo Yei Bo Tong Ji in 1957. This was the rebirth of Soo Bahk as a Korean Traditional Martial Art. On November 1959, he registered with the Ministry of Education in Korea for incorporation under the name of the “Korean Soo Bahk Do Association”. Korean Soo Bahk Do Association was formally registered as a corporation with the Korean Government on “June 30, 1960” and it continue to fulfill its mission.