Mian Quan

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Mian Quan or the continuous Chuan is a northern style of fist play, which is popular in central Hebei Province. There is no record of the origin of this style of Chuan. Luo Chengli, a native of Daqi Village in Boye County of Hebei, was good at six-combination spearplay and continuous Chuan and was well known for these during the 1930’s.

When China sent a Wushu team to demonstrate its martial arts at the 1936 Olympic Games in Berlin, the continuous Chuan was one of the important events, captivating viewers in Berlin. It is called continuous Chuan because its fist play is continuous and prolonged by soft and supple movements and actions.

Mian Quan (literally “Continuous Fist”) is a northern Chinese martial arts style which most likely generated in the province of Hebei. There is no definite given record of the creator or origin of the style. It gained fame when practiced at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, Germany as one of the main events.

The theory for this style is that defense becomes offense and softness turns to hardness, and the practioner’s attacks always follow after the opponent’s. Soft attacks gain the upper hand for a practioner and sets up the opponent for a harder, more dominant array of movements.

The style is simple to use as it does not require advanced movements such as grappling; therefore only using punches and kicks. Mian Quan requires balanced posture, with majority of the body relaxed and a short-range attack span.

Master Yang Tian Gui

Mian Quan is a style of Chinese martial art that is popular among Wushu practitioners around the world. It is characterized by soft, flexible movements that are combined with hard continous actions. Its movements are fast but steady and are executed in a relaxed body. In combat, Mian Quan’s technique is to gain an advantage by applying offensive action only after the opponent makes an attack. Therefore, we can say that Mian Quan’s offence is based mainly on the nature of the enemy’s attack.

The main feature of continuous Chuan is to gain supremacy by attacking only after the opponent has attacked. It centers on the opponent and the movements change if the opponent changes. It bases its movements mainly on defence and launch attacks only after defensive moves. Suppleness turns to hardness once the boxer gains control of the combat and they fight in accordance with the development of the combat.

By putting out their hands to meet the opponent they benefit from his forces, forcing the opponent to change from attack to defence and use surprise tricks to beat the opponent before the latter has time to prepare for a new bout. When combating, charging and hardness are used more in attacks whereas retreat and suppleness are used more in defence.

The continuous boxers prefer to defend before attacking and they always try to gain the dominant position by using supple and soft forces. They become hard once they are dominant. This is how hardness and suppleness are combined in the continuous Chuan.

Movements in the continuous Chuan are spread but steady and the basic actions of the body, hands and feet are similar to those of the long-style Chuan. The difference lies in the fact that continuous boxers keep their heads upright; their necks straight; their shoulders lower and their chest, waist, hip, back and abdomen relaxed. Their movements are fully extended but steady, supple and continuous.

Continuous Chuan is popular among people thanks to its variety of movements and routines, its special methods of attack and defence, its extended and comfortable actions and its practicability.