Hapkido Dojang Etiquette

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These rules are from the Korean Headquarters.

  • This dojang follows the traditional rules of proper conduct. Its spirit comes directly from the Founder of hapkido and it is the place of the succession of his teachings. It is the responsibility of each student to act appropriately and to honor those teachings.
  • It is the responsibility of each student to cooperate in creating a positive atmosphere of harmony and respect.
  • Cleaning is an act of thanksgiving. It is each student’s responsibility to assist in cleaning the dojang and to cleanse his or her own mind and heart.
  • The dojang is not to be used for any purpose other than regularly scheduled classes without the direct permission of the head instructor.
  • You cannot buy technique. The monthly membership dues provide a place for training and a way in which to show gratitude for the teaching received. It is each student’s responsibility to pay dues on time.
  • Respect the Founder and his teachings as succeeded and handed down by instructors. Respect the dojang, respect your training tools and respect each other.

Rules of Training:

  • It is necessary to respect the way in which the instructor of the class directs the training. Receive instruction and carry out suggestions for training sincerely and to the best of your ability. There is no room for argument on the mat.
  • It is the moral responsibility of each student never to use hapkido technique to harm another person or as a way to display his or her ego. It is a tool to develop a better society through the character development of the individual.
  • There will be no conflicts of ego on the mat. hapkido is not street fighting. You are on the mat to train and purify your aggressive reactions and embody the spirit of the samurai by discovering your social responsibility.
  • There will be no competition on the mat. The purpose of hapkido is not to fight and defeat an enemy, but to fight and defeat your own aggressive instincts.
  • The strength of hapkido is not in muscular force, but in flexibility, timing, control and modesty. Be aware of your limitations.
  • Everyone has different physical abilities and reasons for study. These must be respected. True hapkido is the proper and flexible application of technique appropriate to any changing situation. It is your responsibility to cause no injury to your training partner or yourself.
  • There will be no power struggles within the dojang. The dojang membership is one family and the secret of hapkido is harmony.

Proper Dojang Etiquette:

  • Hapkido is not a religion, but the education and refinement of the spirit. You will not be asked to adhere to any religious doctrine, but only to remain spiritually open. When we bow it is not a religious performance, but a sign of respect for another person.
  • The opening and closing ceremony of each hapkido practice is a formal bow directed to the instructor and other students. The bows directed to the instructor symbolize respect for the principles of hapkido, and gratitude to the Founder for developing this system of study.
  • The words spoken by the student to the instructor at the end of practice are, “Kam Sa Ham Ni Da.” “You have my respect and gratitude for what you have just done.” This is the most respectful way of saying thank you.
  • Upon entering and leaving the practice area of the dojang make a standing bow.
  • Always bow when stepping on or off the mat in the direction of the mat.
  • Respect your training tools. Your do-bok should be clean and mended. Weapons should be in good condition and in their proper place when not in use.
  • Never use someone else’s practice Do-Bok or weapons (unless offered).
  • A few minutes before class time you should be warmed up and formally seated in quiet meditation practicing breathing to rid your mind of the day’s problems and prepare for study.
  • It is important to be on time for practice and participate in the opening ceremony. If you are unavoidably late you should wait, formally seated beside the mat until the instructor signals his or her permission for you to join the class. Quietly perform a simple seated bow as you get on the mat.
  • The only proper way to sit on the mat is in seiza (formal sitting position). If you have a knee injury or if the instructor directs, you may sit cross-legged, but never with legs outstretched, never reclining, and never leaning against anything or anyone.
  • Do not leave the mat without permission during class except in the case of injury or illness.
  • During class when the instructor demonstrates a technique for practice, sit quietly and attentively in seiza. After the demonstration bow to the instructor, then to a partner and immediately begin to practice.
  • When the end of a class is signaled, stop immediately, bow to your partner and quickly line up with the other students.
  • Never stand around idly on the mat. You should be practicing or, if necessary, seated in seiza awaiting your turn.
  • If it is necessary to ask a question of the instructor you should go to him or her and bow respectfully (standing bow). Never call the instructor over to you.
  • When receiving personal instruction, sit in seiza and watch intently. Bow formally when the instructor has finished. When another near by is being instructed you may stop your practice to watch. Sit formally and bow as before.
  • Respect those more experienced. Never argue about technique.
  • Respect those less experienced. Do not pressure your ideas on others.
  • If you understand the movement and are working with someone who does not, you may lead that person through it. Do not attempt to correct or instruct your training partner unless you are authorized to do so.
  • Keep talking on the mat to an absolute minimum. Hapkido is experience.
  • Fingernails and toenails must be short. Feet must be clean. Shoes or sandals are never allowed on the mat.
  • No eating, drinking, smoking or gum chewing in the dojang.
  • No jewelry should be worn during practice, including rings and pierced earrings.
  • Never drink alcoholic beverages while still wearing practice do-bok.