Kampfringen

Kampfringen (“combat grappling”) was the term used for unarmed combat systems originating in the Holy Roman Empire during the Middle Ages and Renaissance. It employed all ranges of fighting, from striking to ground-fighting, and included joint-locks, leverage throws, pain compliance grips, and various striking techniques. By modern definitions, it would be considered a complete...

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German School of Swordsmanship

The German school of fencing (Deutsche Fechtschule) was taught throughout the Holy Roman Empire in the 14th to the 17th centuries as described in the Fechtbücher (“fight books” or “combat manuals”). It notably comprises the techniques of the two-handed longsword (Langschwert). Most of the authors are, or claim to be, in the tradition of the 14th century master...

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German Ju-Jutsu

German Ju-Jutsu is a martial art related to Japanese Jujutsu, developed in Germany using techniques from various traditional and modern martial arts. The system is used by the German police forces. In Germany, the term ‘Ju-Jutsu’ virtually always is taken to refer to German Ju-Jutsu, whereas other styles related to Japanese Jujutsu are normally called ‘Jiu Jitsu’. In...

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